Renaissance Humanism Humanism is the term generally applied to the predominant social philosophy and intellectual and literary currents of the period from to
Francis had rejected the formal Scholasticism of the prevailing Christian theology and gone out among the poor praising the beauties and spiritual value of nature. His example inspired Italian artists and poets to take pleasure in the world around them.
The great poet Dante lived at about the same time as Giotto, and his poetry shows a similar concern with inward experience and the subtle shades and variations of human nature. Although his Divine Comedy belongs to the Middle Ages in its plan and ideas, its subjective spirit and power of expression look forward to the Renaissance.
Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio also belong to this proto-renaissance period, both through their extensive studies of Latin literature and through their writings in the vernacular. Unfortunately, the terrible plague of and subsequent civil wars submerged both the revival of humanistic studies and the growing interest in individualism and naturalism revealed in the works of Giotto and Dante.
The spirit of the Renaissance did not surface again until the beginning of the 15th century. In a competition was held at Florence to award the commission for bronze doors to be placed on the Baptistery of San Giovanni.
Defeated by the goldsmith and painter Lorenzo GhibertiFilippo Brunelleschi and Donatello left for Rome, where they immersed themselves in the study of ancient architecture and sculpture. When they returned to Florence and began to put their knowledge into practice, the rationalized art of the ancient world was reborn.
The founder of Renaissance painting was Masaccio — The intellectuality of his conceptionsthe monumentality of his compositions, and the high degree of naturalism in his works mark Masaccio as a pivotal figure in Renaissance painting.
The succeeding generation of artists— Piero della FrancescaPollaiuolo, and Andrea del Verrocchio —pressed forward with researches into linear and aerial perspective and anatomy, developing a style of scientific naturalism.
SuperStock The situation in Florence was uniquely favourable to the arts. The civic pride of Florentines found expression in statues of the patron saints commissioned from Ghiberti and Donatello for niches in the grain-market guildhall known as Or San Michele, and in the largest dome built since antiquity, placed by Brunelleschi on the Florence cathedral.
The cost of construction and decoration of palaces, churches, and monasteries was underwritten by wealthy merchant families. George, bronze copy of a marble statue by Donatello, c.
During their ascendancy the Medici subsidized virtually the entire range of humanistic and artistic activities associated with the Renaissance. Cosimo —made wealthy by his trading profits as the papal banker, was a scholar who founded the Neoplatonic academy and collected an extensive library.
Lorenzo —92 became the centre of a group of artists, poets, scholars, and musicians who believed in the Neoplatonic ideal of a mystical union with God through the contemplation of beauty. Less naturalistic and more courtly than the prevailing spirit of the first half of the Quattrocento, this aesthetic philosophy was elucidated by Giovanni Pico della Mirandolaincarnated in painting by Sandro Botticelliand expressed in poetry by Lorenzo himself.
Lorenzo also collaborated with the organist and choirmaster of the Florence cathedral, Heinrich Isaacin the composition of lively secular choral music which anticipated the madrigala characteristic form of the High Renaissance.
Medici, VillaVilla Medici, Rome. Instead of being painted with the customary tempera of the period, the work is painted with translucent oil glazes that produce brilliant jewel-like colour and a glossy surface.I f the inspiration for the highest ideals of the Western liberal tradition could be traced to a single city, it would be Florence: birthplace of the Renaissance and hotbed of radical.
The IDEA OF THE RENAISSANCE is complicated and full of problems of interpretation and definition. The expression "Renaissance" is a value-charged expression because it carries with it a whole series of connotations that .
Main Renaissance Page. Italy Part One. Italy Part Two "The Northern Renaissance," Book: Chapter Man Is The Measure Author: Wallbank;Taylor;Bailkey;Jewsbury;Lewis.
Renaissance study guide by alyssa_michelle2 includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
I f the inspiration for the highest ideals of the Western liberal tradition could be traced to a single city, it would be Florence: birthplace of the Renaissance and hotbed of radical. Main Renaissance Page. Italy Part One.
Italy Part Two. Northern Renaissance: The Italian Renaissance: Part One, The Background. Book: Ancient Times.